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    2014年04月00794綜合英語一試卷和答案

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    2014年04月00794綜合英語一試卷和答案

    絕密★考試結束前

    全國2014年4月高等教育自學考試

    綜合英語(一)試題

    課程代碼:00794

    請考生按規定用筆將所有試題的答案涂、寫在答題紙上。

    選擇題部分

    注意事項:

    1.答題前,考生務必將自己的考試課程名稱、姓名、準考證號用黑色字跡的簽字筆或鋼筆填寫在答題紙規定的位置上。

    2.每小題選出答案后,用2B鉛筆把答題紙上對應題目的答案標號涂黑。如需改動,用橡皮擦干凈后,再選涂其他答案標號。不能答在試題卷上。

    Ⅰ.語法和詞匯填空。閱讀下面的句子或對話,從A、B、C和D四個選項中選出一個能填入空白處的最佳選項,并在答題紙上將該項的字母涂黑。錯涂、多涂或未涂均無分。

    (本大題共20小題,每小題1分,共20分)

    1. I can’t help wondering ____A____ that has made her so excited.

    A. what it is

    B. how it is

    C. what is it

    D. how is it

    2.____C____ his leg was badly injured, the boy managed to attend class every day.

    A. If

    B. Unless

    C. Although

    D. Because

    3. Some 40 percent of the hired hands left before they ____B____ their term of service.

    A. finish

    B. finished

    C. would finish

    D. have finished

    4. His best novel was written in ____C____ he called the “sweet new style” of the language.

    A. that

    B. where

    C. what

    D. which

    5. I think if I ____D____ stay in Italy for another three months, we, Jim and I, might become good friends.

    A. will

    B. shall

    C. would

    D. were to

    6. When I arrived she greeted me at the door, her kids all ___A_____ behind.

    A. standing

    B. stood

    C. have been standing

    D. were standing

    7. Across the continent of South America ___B_____ the Amazon River.

    A. lie

    B. lies

    C. is lying

    D. lying

    8. According to a recent official report, Britain’s economy grew ____A____ the first quarter of the year.

    A. half as fast as

    B. half faster than

    C. half fast as

    D. as half fast as

    9. Mr. Smith fully shares the view of the speaker ____D____ every man is as good as his neighbor.

    A. which

    B. whom

    C. who

    D. that

    10. Hen ry’s plan was _____C___ the couple to dinner at a nice restaurant and then ask them for their forgiveness.

    A. inviting

    B. invited

    C. to invite

    D. going to invite

    11. Most students make a study plan ___D_____ the beginning of the new term.

    A. on

    B. in

    C. from

    D. at

    12. The family found it hard to ____A____ from the traditions of their own country and adapt to the new environment.

    A. break away

    B. break down

    C. break out

    D. break up

    13. Three years ____C____ a long time to be cut off from contact with your friends.

    A. are

    B. were

    C. is

    D. be

    14. I wonder why Alice ____A____ to us recently. We should have heard from her by now.

    A. hasn’t written

    B. hadn’t written

    C. didn’t write

    D. doesn’t write

    15. No fund has been provided to build a system ____D____ reading fingerprints more efficiently.

    A. good at

    B. keen on

    C. concerned for

    D. capable of

    16. Drying is the oldest type of food storage. Drying fruit sometimes _____B___ a completely new product.

    A. turns into

    B. results in

    C. turns from

    D. results from

    17. The police with a group of experts arrived at the ____C____ of the accident in ten minutes.

    A. sight

    B. point

    C. scene

    D. space

    18. The governor spoke to the earthquake victims, __B______them that everything would be done to help them rebuild their homes.

    A. providing

    B. assuring

    C. comforting

    D. advising

    19. In many countries, there aren’t sufficient water resources ____D____ for future development.

    A. offered

    B. provided

    C. existent

    D. available

    20. The flight has been delayed for four hours ____B____ the foggy weather.

    A. for fear of

    B. owing to

    C. for the sake of

    D. according to

    Ⅱ.閱讀理解。認真閱讀下面兩篇短文,根據短文內容從A、B、C和D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項,并在答題紙上將該項的字母涂黑。錯涂、多涂或未涂均無分。

    (本大題共10小題,每小題2分,共20分)

    Passage 1

    Long ago, the. Earth was covered in darkness. None of the creatures living there knew what daylight looked like.

    One day, all of the animals of the forest gathered together in a cleating (林中空地). They wondered if it would be better to remain in darkness, or if it would be better to also have light. Deer, Chipmunk (花松鼠), Raccoon (浣熊), Wolf, Bear,and many other creatures climbed to the top of the highest mountain. There were no trees on its top, and it was covered only with rocks. Millions of stars shone in the dark sky overhead. The biggest and most powerful animal in the forest was Bear, and he was the first to reach the mountaintop. Bear stood on the highest peak, looked out over the forest below, and argued for remaining in darkness. He said that the creatures of the forest would be able to sleep better in darkness because there would be no light to keep them awake. Most of the other animals were afraid, and they agreed with Bear. Raccoon said that he did not mind the darkness because he was so smart that he could find plenty of food, even in the dark. Wolf was easy to please, too. She didn’t mind the darkness because she could howl in darkness or in light.

    But one animal did stand up to Bear. Chipmunk, the smallest of the animals,argued that it would be better to have both light and dark. Chipmunk was very clever. As Bear continued to argue for darkness, she made many good arguments for light.

    Slowly, the night passed. Bear grew tired of talking, but Chipmunk chattered on and on, as if she had all of the energy in the world. As the other animals dropped off to sleep, one by one, Chipmunk kept arguing. Finally, the first sunrise ever seen by the animals appeared over the top

    of the mountain. They woke up and were amazed by what they saw.

    Chipmunk began to dance from rock to rock. Bear became angry because he di dn’t get his own way. He roared loudly and ran after Chipmunk. He chased Chipmunk all the way down the mountain. Bear was fast, and he reached out his giant paw to grab Chipmunk. Chipmunk got away, but not before Bear managed to scratch her back with his long claws. And that is why, to this day, you can see stripes on Chipmunk’s back!

    21. The lesson of this story is that _____C__.

    A. making decisions is difficult

    B. there is only one right way to do things

    C. one should hold out for what he believes

    D. it is always better to go along with the crowd

    22. According to the passage, Bear is ____B___.

    A. a good listener

    B. used to having his own way

    C. unsure about what he wants

    D. well liked by the other animals

    23. The word “chattered” (Paragraph 4) means ____A_____.

    A. talked quickly

    B. laughed loudly

    C. sang softly

    D. argued angriIy

    24. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? D

    A. Raccoon loved to live in darkness because he was smart.

    B. Deer kept quiet because she liked both darkness and light.

    C. Wolf liked darkness because she was pleased to howl at night.

    D. Chipmunk believed it was better to have both darkness and light.

    25. Bear was angry when he saw the sunrise because ___B_____.

    A. he loved darkness

    B. his authority was challenged

    C. Chipmunk became the leader

    D. other animals didn’t listen to him

    Passage 2

    Most single parents work outside the home; and in many two-parent families,both parents work. Unless working parents have been lucky enough to arrange a flexible schedule that allows them to be home when their children are not in school, they are not available to care for their children during the period immediately after school. The result is children of all ages being left to care for themselves after school. Young children in these families have been referred to as latchkey kids because they carry their own house key.

    Older students are more likely to care for themselves after school. Parents provide supervision (監管) after school for over half of the students in grades K-5. Other children stay with adults other than their parents, attend center-based programs, or take part in extracurricular activities (課外活動) such as sports, arts, or clubs. Children in poverty are slightly more likely to stay with relatives than other children; they are also less likely to care for themselves after school than children in families with higher incomes.

    One-fifth of the children in kindergarten through fifth grade attend after-school programs in centers or schools with adult supervision and guidance on first aid, nutrition, health, homework,

    and being on their own at home. These programs are sometimes available at the child’s school, or they may be organized by local houses in cooperation with community groups. Young children may learn how to get home from school safely, how to use the telephone and be familiar with emergency telephone numbers, what to do in case of fire, how to deal with strangers, and how to use their time wisely. Often parents must pay a fee for their children to take part in such programs. Unfortunately, some families cannot afford the cost of such care.

    Educators should be aware of the realities faced by children left alone after school. Children are sometimes frightened to be at home alone, especially when they have no brothers or sisters. The process of traveling from school to home can be dangerous and frightening in neighborhoods where drugs are being sold and peers (同

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