來源 : admin 湖北自考教育網 : http://www.rhgraham.com
1. There has been ____growth in industry this year than there should have been.
2. When you expect too much of others, you are ____ to become disappointed.
3. It is necessary ____ technical training for all the new employees.
A. to provide
B. to be provided
D. being provided
4. The mass media keep us well ____ of what is happening in the world which
would otherwise remain unknown.
5. She____ blame other people for her troubles than admit her own mistakes.
A. would rather
B. had better
C. prefers to
D. has to
6. Problems may come up when people have no ____of the law.
7. You have little chance of getting the job____ you have professional training.
B. as if
C. in case
D. so that
8. The Eight O?clock News will have a(n)____ report of the important meeting in Paris.
9. Mary ran ____ one of her college teachers in the supermarket yesterday.
10. To everyone?s disappointment, his plan failed ____ all his efforts.
A. in spite of
B. as a result of
C. for the sake of
D. in the interest of
11. She lost her job, and ____ made matters worse was that her husband became ill and bedridden.
12. His lecture helped us better understand the ____ of religion on society.
13. The adult education center didn?t offer any art courses, and ____.
A. so did the museum
B. the museum did so
C. neither did the museum
D. the museum did neither
14. They discussed the problem several times, but came to no ____.
15. The international language known as Esperanto ____ to be simple and logical, with a flexible vocabulary and an easy grammar.
A. e designed
B. was designed
D. to be designed
16. Some critics say that only wealthy people will ____ from the tax cuts.
1 7. He looked so tired this morning. He____ late last night.
A. must stay up
B. must have stayed up
C. was staying up
D. has stayed up
18.____ peace finally came in 1945 was he able to go back to work.
A. It was when
B. It was not until
C. Only when
D. Only if
19. She told him how she managed to bring him food, without which he____ of hunger.
B. had died
C. was dying
D. would have died
20. It is reported that the police have finally ___ in catching the murderer.
AL. won B. completed
II．閱讀理解。認真閱讀下面兩篇短文，根據短文內容從A、B、C和D四個選項中選出一個最佳選項，并在答題紙上將該項的字母涂黑。（本大題共1 0小題，每小題2 分，共20分）
People who do not get enough vitamin A in their food may develop night blindness. But in the developing countries, especially the countries in Africa, a lack of vitamin A causes much more serious harm to children. The World Health Organization reports that the lack of vitamin A leads to as many as two hundred fifty thousand child deaths every year.
Sweet potatoes with orange flesh have high levels of vitamin A. Experts say orange sweet potatoes could help solve the lack of vitamin A in Africa. But, first, more people there will need to be persuaded to eat them. Jan Low with the Intern ational Potato Center, a research organization, says the sweet potato needs a better image in Africa. She said, “We do have an image problem with sweet potato in general in Africa. Most of the local people refuse to grow sweet potatoes. It is seen as a food of the poor.”Ms. Low explains that sweet potatoes are mainly grown by poor women to feed their families in case other crops fail.
The sweet potatoes commonly grown in Africa have white or yellow flesh. But, more importantly, they are low in vitamin A. Thus, Jan Low and her partners managed to tell the African people that orange sweet potatoes had high levels of vitamin A. They made use of the radio to spread the message that orange sweet potato is good to human health. They said that orange sweet potatoes were able to help you fight diseases, make you strong, clear your skin and make you look healthy.
In areas without radio, they spread the message through singing, dancing and storytelling in local theaters. And everywhere they went, they wore orange T-shirts and hats. They even drove orange vehicles. Jan Low says the color of the tuber (植物的塊莖) made it easier to gain public attention.
Dan Gustafson works for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. He pays attention to efforts in the past to increase the popularity of other nutritious crops. He says most of these efforts failed because organizers did not consider what people wanted to eat. But Mr. Gustafson sees a better chance for the efforts to increase the popularity of the orange sweet potato in Africa. For one thing, except for the color, the orange sweet potato is similar to what people already use. He is confiden t about the popularity of orange sweet potato in Africa and the improvement of people?s health condition there. 21. There is an image problem with sweet potatoes in Africa because ____.
A. they are very ugly in shape and color
B. they are difficult to grow
C. they are regarded as the food of the poor
D. they do great harm to the land
22. What is true of sweet potatoes in Africa?
A. The white ones had high levels of vitamin A.
B. The commonly-grown ones are low in vitamin A.
C. The yellow ones can make you strong and clear your skin.
D. The orange ones cannot help overcome the lack of vitamin A.
23. In areas without radio, what did Jan Low and her partners do to draw public attention to sweet potatoes?
A. They sang and danced with local people.
B. They drove vehicles in different colors.
C. They dressed themselves in orange.
D. They gave lectures in theaters.
24. According to Mr. Gustafson, some efforts to introduce other nutritious crops to Africa failed because ____ .
A. people don?t like them
B. people cannot afford them
C. they don?t taste delicious
D. they have strange colors
25. What is the passage mainly about?
A. The different functions of vitamin A.
B. The introduction of nutritious crops to Africa.
C. The history of growing potatoes in Africa.
D. The most popular food in Africa.
“Sleep is a behavior and, like all behaviors, it differs greatly among people,” explains Dr. Carol Landis. “The greatest differences occur in the timing of sleep and the amount of sleep-the factors which are most important in determining whether you will wake up feeling rested.”
Research has found that people sleep better at different times during their daily cycle. For example, some people function better if they go to sleep early and rise early, while others feel m ore rested if they stay up late and sleep in. “Many people don?t pay attention to the timing of their sleep,” Landis notes. “Yet delaying or altering the time you go to sleep ca n have a major impact on how you feel when you wake up.”
The amount of sleep the average adult needs each night also differs. Some people may be fine with six hours of sleep, while others need up to nine hours per night. Landis points out that those who follow a regular sleep schedule tend to function better on fewer hours, but she adds that most adults need at least six hours of sleep each night.
“A person?s sleeping patterns aren?t set in concrete,” Landis stresses. Gradua lly altering the timing of sleep can help change sleep patterns. An “evening person” who needs to get to work early in the morning can try upping the time they go to bed by 30 minutes every few days. Within a few weeks, this slow adjustment will help “reset” the body clock.
In addition to maintaining a regular daily sleep schedule, Landis offers the following tips on having a good sleep:
?Avoid cigarettes, caffeinated (含咖啡因的) drinks and food such as chocolate in the late afternoon and evening.
?Avoid alcohol in the evening. This can cause a person to wake up a few hours into sleep and interrupt sleep patterns.
?Finish exercising at least two hours before going to sleep. Exercise increases body temperatures and makes it more difficult to easily fall asleep.
?Don?t sleep in a warm environment. A drop in a person?s body temperature is important at the beginning of deep sleep.
People who sleep in a well-heated room or use an electric blanket may not sleep as soundly.
?Catch up on missed sleep when you have the opportunity. To reduce your sleep debt, try taking a 30-minute nap (小睡) during the day before 4 p.m. or sleeping in on weekends when you have a chance.
26. Which of the following is true according to Dr. Landis?
A. People with longer sleep feel more rested.
B. People tend to have similar sleep schedules.
C. Changing sleep habits won?t affect people?s body clock.
D. Changing the time for sleep can affect the quality of people?s sleep.
27. The underlined phrase “set in concrete” (Line 1, Paragraph 4) probably means ____.
28. What does Dr. Landis think may result in a wake-up during night sleep?
A. Taking chocolates before bedtime.
B. Drinking alcohol before sleep.
C. Exercising before going to bed.
D. Using electric blankets.
29. According to the passage, what may keep people from having a good sleep?
A. Smoking in te evening.
B. Sleeping in a cool room.
C. Taking a nap during the day.
D. Sleeping in on weekends.
30. This passage is mainly about ____.
A. how to change one?s sleep patte rn
B. what to do before going to bed
C. what to do with sleeplessness
D. how to get a good night?s sleep
31. project 32. oxygen
33. avenue 34. various
35. dishonest 36. productive
3 7. wild 38. surely
39. paragraph 40. courtesy
41. creature 42. wretched
43. route 44. attach
45. suspicious 46. behave
47. pharmacy 48. scholar
49. fascinate 50. enjoy
Education is one of the biggest and most important jobs of government in the United States. However, it is a task 51 is carried out by local governments rather than the federal government. Help from Washington 52 comes in the form of money and research. There are no national educational standards or regulations, 53 . there are in many other countries. Local areas - states or cities or counties - have kept control 54 their own school systems. In spite of local control, school systems throughout the country 55 very similar. A child can transfer from a school in one state to a school in 56 . without meeting any serious difficulty. Different books may be required or different 57 may be offered, but the same basic subjects are 58 throughout the country.
The normal school system in the United States consists of six years of 59 school and six years of high school. In many areas, high school is 60 into three years of junior high school and three of senior. Each school year is called a grade.
It must be realized that sport in its modern form is almost entirely a British invention. Boxing, rugby, football, hockey, tennis and cricket 61 all first organized and given rules in Britain. Rules are the essence of sport, and sportsmanship is
the ability to practice a sport 62 to its rules, while also showing generosity to one?s opponent and 63 temper in defeat. The high pressure of modern international sport 64 these ideals difficult to keep, but they are 65 least highly valued in Britain and are certainly achieved there 66 commonly than among more excitable peoples. Moreover, sportsmanship as an ideal is applied 67 life in general. This is proved by the number of sporting terms 68 in ordinary speech. Everybody talks of “fair play” and “playing the game” or “playing 69 ”. Borrowed from boxing, “straight from the shoulder” is used to describe a well-aimed, strong criticism and “below th e 70 ” is used to describe an unfair one. One of the most elementary rules of life is “never hit a man when he?s down” - in other words, never take advantage of a person?s misfortune.
71. The three adjectives that the author of “The Time Message”uses to describe time are ____.
72. As the author of “Happiness” points out, long-term happiness is based on____ and self-esteem
73. In “The Day I Was Fat”, when she was rudely called fat, the woman made up her mind to lose weight. She regained not only her shape, but also her ____.
74. The text “Unreality of TV” describes Dr. Heinrich Applebaum?s study on____.
75. Samuel H. Scudder, the author of “In the Laboratory”, was told to____ for the first three days in Professor Agassiz?s laboratory.
76. In “The Great Idea of Mr. Budd”, William Strickland was arrested by the police because ____.
77. The young man in “The Outside Chance” bought …tomorrow?s paper”, w hich reported the results of ____ and the news about a factory disaster in his hometown.
78. Hans Christian Andersen finally realized that “it doesn?t matter if you are bo rn in a duck-yard, as long as ____.”
79. In “Freedom in Dying”, Jim?s mother has been truly great. She has shown how much she loves Jim without depriving him of his ____.
80. In “The Emotional Bank Account”, the author notes that, in relationships, the little things are the big things, and that they go a long way toward building ____.